The Saab 32 Lansen was a two-seat, transonic military aircraft designed and manufactured from 1955 to 1960 for the Swedish Air Force. It was designed to replace the conventional designs like the B 18/S 18, J 21R/A 21R and J 30 aircraft. The requirements laid out by the Swedish Air Force for its new aircraft were the ability to attack anywhere along Sweden’s 2 ,000 km (1 ,245 miles) of coastline within one hour of launch from a central location. It also had to be capable of being launched in any weather conditions at any time of the day in Sweden’s harsh climate.
The Lansen variants completed three mayor roles which were attack (A 32A), fighter (J 32B), and reconnaissance (S 32C) duties. The aircraft was infamous for crashing, as a third of all 450 Lansens produced were destroyed during it’s 25 years of active service. The accidents were due to a combination of technical faults, the aircraft not being ready for service and training deficiencies in regards to flying at night and in adverse weather. Formally, the aircraft served with the swedish air force until 1997 as target tugs and electronic warfare platform. Nonetheless, by 2012 a total of three Lansens reportedly remained in active service for research purposes with the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.